Since I learned how to weave over 5 years ago I have always wanted to try the waffle weave structure.
This weave structure utilizes floats to create a collapse weave, which brings the fabric together into a heavily textured structure. The symmetrical structure looks like little squares which end up looking a bit like a waffle.
I used the Zen Yarn Garden Spring Quartet gradient set, which was comprised of four skeins of yarn in semi gradient with a pop of color.
I had been crocheting a wrap with the yarn, but something in me said “rip this out and weave with it!”
To be sure that I would use every last yard of yarn, I divided each skein in half. This gave me 110 yards per color for the warp and 110 yards of each color for the weft.
Using my warping board, I measured a 3 yard warp in the following pattern, 16 ends of dark grey, 16 ends of speckled dark green, 16 ends of speckled light grey, 32 ends of green, 16 ends of the speckled grey, 16 ends of dark green, ending with 16 ends of dark grey.
This by itself looked beautiful, almost like a beam of light coming through the forest canopy, or through a kelp forest under the water.
Having just finished a plainweave project, I decided that I wanted to do some sort of a twill structure. Based off of my calculations I needed to warp my loom at a sett of 16 ends per inch. Since I had a 12 dent reed on my loom, I sleyed my reed in the following fashion (1, 1, 2) across the loom. This guide can help you if you have the wrong reed for your sett
Once I sleyed the reed, I had to stop since I didn’t know exactly what I wanted. The waffle weave structure came to mind, so after “waffling” around for a while between that and another twill pattern, I settled on creating a 6 harness waffle weave. An 8 harness waffle weave would have been even more textured.
Waffle weave is threaded as a point twill, and then treadled in sequence. The magic comes from the tie up. The fabric while on the loom is quite textured, and it was fun to see how the pattern changed as I switched colors from the bright green all the way to the dark grey. However, the fabric really came to life once it was off the loom and fulled slightly. The ends were finished with some fringe twisting.
The amount of squoosh the finished fabric has is crazy! This is heightened of course by the fact that the yarn is a superwash merino sock yarn that has a ton of spring to it.
Project at a glance:
Yarn: 1 - Spring Quartet Gradient set; 220 yards each of; dark grey (DG), dark green speckled (DS), light grey speckled (LS), and green (G).
Sett: 16 epi
Warp: 3 yards
Color pattern: 16DG, 16DS, 16LS, 32G, 16LS, 16DS, 16DG. (128 ends total)
Leave 3 warp threads on each side as floating selvedges.
Draft: Thread in a point twill across
Weave 4 rows of plainweave.
Weave all of G, then LS, then DS, then DG.
Weave 4 rows of plainweave.
Cut off of loom leaving 6-8 inches of fringe on each side.
Finish the fringe with a 2X4 twisted fringe (twist 2 groups of 4 threads into one fringe.)
Wash and full in hot water, being superwash, this scarf is washable.